Here is a list of the most important festivals of Senegal with international repercussion. Then, in each village, there are local festivals, especially harvest festivals.
Animist societies in Casamance keep the tradition of dancing masks. Peoples fear and respect the masks, considered spirits. Sacred masks still play an important rule to regulate conflicts between villagers.
Senegal is chockfull of lively festivals to enjoy, most of which are stunning showcases of Senegalese music and art. The Senegalese ring in every New Year by drumming and celebrating at the Abéné Festival and wind down each year with the Les Blues du Fleuve acoustic blues concert series. Contemporary artists from across Africa seize the opportunity to display their talents at the Dak’art Biennale, held only once every two years.
The annual 10-day drumming festival in the Casamance community of Abéné begins at the end of December and extends into the New Year. The djembe and percussion players may be the festival’s main event, but visitors can also enjoy nightly dancing and traditional Senegalese wrestling matches. This celebration of Casamance culture attracts performers and visitors from across West Africa and even as far as Europe.
This colorful Dakar festival may only take place once every other May, but it is well worth the wait. The festival attracts contemporary artists from throughout Africa, who display their paintings, sculptures, and other masterpieces in galleries and venues across Senegal’s capital.
St Louis Jazz Festival
Each May, St Louis hosts one of Africa’s largest jazz festivals, where legends such as Joe Zainul and Herbie Hancock perform alongside no fewer than 30 new artists every year. The event has expanded to include soul, blues, and even rap performances, held in venues across St Louis. However, Senegal River cruises may be the most romantic ways to enjoy these unforgettable musical performances.
This Dakar festival held between late May and early June is a celebration of traditional and contemporary dance from across Africa and the rest of the world. However, the focus is on African choreographic expression, entertainment, and education.
Gorée Diaspora Festival
This artistic festival was established to promote links between Senegal and the descendants of the slaves forced to leave Africa from Gorée Island. Conferences and meetings filled with debates and discussions are held alongside lively dancing and musical performances. Many performers and visitors of African descent have rediscovered their roots at this emotional festival held between November and December each year.
Festival International du Film de Quartier
Each December, Dakar hosts Senegal’s largest film festival, originally created in 1999 as a showcase for Media Centre of Dakar production trainees. Today, filmmakers from across Senegal can have their productions screened at restaurants, museums, and other centers of culture throughout Dakar. Many Dakar institutions mount special screens during the festival.
Magal de Touba
The most important date for the Islamic Mouride brotherhood around the world. A pilgrimage of sorts, millions of the Mouride and M’baye Fall brotherhood followers congregate in Touba to pray and visit the shrines of the religious figures. It is said that one who goes to the Magal de Touba does not need to go to Mecca.
Les Fanals de St. Louis
Les Fanal is St. Louis’ answer to Rio de Janeiro’s Carnaval. With its origins dating back to the 18th century, this festival has its roots in the ‘great families’ of the city, whose young girls would dress up in their finest clothes to go to mass. Over the years, the dresses have turned into lanterns that people parade down the streets of St. Louis’ old colonial town on Christmas eve.
Festival du Sahel
Since the first festival in 2009, one of the most important Sahelian musical and cultural events in the world. For the past editions, there have been more than 30 bands and performances from 14 different countries, tens of exhibition, film shows, workshops and activities that have helped to strengthen our peace and solidarity message by bringing people from all horizons together. It takes place on the gorgeous dunes of Lompoul desert, in the north of Senegal.